THE SIGNIFICANCE OF EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AKOKO-EDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE


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THE SIGNIFICANCE OF EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AKOKO-EDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE



ABSTRACT



School facilities have been identified as a major tool for academic achievement for students in schools. The principal aim of this project is targeted at investigating the impact of school facilities on student’s academic performance in some selected school in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State, the sample consisted of one hundred students selected from five schools in Akoko Edo Local government Area of Edo State and simple random methods was used in selecting students from the five (5) schools used in the research project to guide the study, four research questions were raised and questionnaire was used in collecting data analysis of data was carried out using the simple percentage. Based on the analysis, the following findings were made;



That school was inadequate in schools in Akoko Edo Local Government Area, Edo State for proper academic performance of students.

The study also shows that materials in the schools are relevant to the academic performance of the students in the school.

It also revealed their school facilities have positive impact on the academic performance consequent upon the findings of the study, the researcher made some recommendations.

The federal government as well as state government should provide adequate and necessary schools facilities to schools and it educational planners should plan the educational system to suit the available materials.

TABLE OF CONTENT



CHAPTER ONE



Introduction



Background of the study



Statement of the problems



Purpose of the study



Significance of the study



Research questions



Scope of the study



Limitation of the study



CHAPTER TWO



Literature review



CHAPTER THREE



Methodology



Research design



Population of the study



Sample of the study



Instrumentation



Validation of instrument



Method of data collection



Method of data analysis



CHAPTER FOUR



Discussion of results



CHAPTER FIVE



Summary and conclusions



Recommendation



BIBLIOGRAPHY



QUESTIONNAIRE



CHAPTER ONE



INTRODUCTION



BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY



For centuries, the subject of school facilities has received considerable attention from the public as well as educators. Educationists are faced today with growing challenges of maintaining the nation’s educational facilities. At the same time educators have to prove that student’s achievement in secondary schools depends greatly on the school facilities available in the schools. Traditionally, secondary schools have not recorded much attention on the issue of school reforms. This is possible due to lack of sequential proximity that secondary school has as the impact of the school facilities and the physical environment on education has not been ignored in current research. It has been discovered that school facilities available in schools where students learn can greatly impact moods satisfaction and self-worth (Ma and Macmillian, 1999) facility appraisal should be one of the many roles assumed by educational leaders maiden and foreman (1998) claimed that school administration should be armed with a general understanding of the relationship between the various school facilities and learning Climate it stands to reason that facility evaluation would warrant equitable and effort to that of ventures into and curriculum.



A growing body of research contributes to the belief that school facilities impact students achievement behaviour. Attendance and teacher retention (Neitt, 2000) there has been a general outcry about the falling standard of education in Nigeria since independence the performance of students has continued to fall in examination, this is to say that the academic performance or achievement of students ahs been all the time, very low factors for such retrogression in the educational system include the lack of the school facilities. Although other factors are at play but non availability of school facilities is the dominant factors causing low students performance in school especially in our secondary schools by nature , school facilities are those materials things needed to facilitate teaching and learning in the school (Ognodi, 2003) the school, like other productive system require materials (facilities) to have been positively linked with students academic performance (Ibrahim, 2006) the national goal of education is to provide satisfactory flow of men and women capable of acquiring the skills needed to explore the natural resources of the country and facilities are to be abundantly available in the school.



It is a truism that no academic performance can be achieved without school facilities and it is also a truism that the facilities needed for the implementation of good academic performance are not readily available in our school and where the equipments are available, there is usually no adequate manpower to manage these facilities to enhance the performance of the students in our secondary schools.



STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM



There are variations in academic performance of secondary school students in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State. The factors responsible for these variations have not been known. Hence, the researcher is interested in finding out the impact of school facilities on the academic performance of students in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State.



PURPOSE OF THE STUDY



The purpose of this study is to find the answer to some education questions with a particular focus to findings out the impacts of school facilities on academic performance of secondary school students in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State with a view to proffering solutions to the problem.



RESEARCH QUESTIONS



To guide this study, the following questions were raised;



Are there enough school facilities in school in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State?

Are the materials available in the school relevant for academic performance of students in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State?

Do school facilities have positive impact on the academic performance of students in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State?

Do school facilities have impact on the academic performance of students in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State?

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY



This research will create awareness to all school across the state. ir is hoped that the research findings will be applied by the government, school administrators and teachers so that the problem of students poor academic performance will be reduced to the minimum level and the students will be able to attain efficiency and effectiveness that can bring about self reliance which is one of the major objectives of education. This res4earch will, among other things motivate the ministry of education to monitor the standard required for academic excellence of students in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State.



Finally, the findings of this research will stimulate or awaken the federal, state, and local government to pay urgent attention to reviving the quality and quantity of school facilities in school in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State in particular and Edo State in general.



SCOPE OF THE STUDY



This project covered students and schools in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State. Due to the large number of students and teachers in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State, the study was limited to five randomly selected schools in the local government area.



DEFINITION OF TERMS



Academic performance: This means the level of attainment on what the students have been able to achieve in terms of success in examination.



School facilities: This refers to all essential teaching aids and equipment in teaching and learning process such as furniture, books, laboratory facilities etc. educational facilities



Library: A collection of books that people can borrow or aq room or building where books and journals can be found.



Equipment: These are tools used for science and language. educational facilities



School building: This refers to tangible structures which serve as shelter for educational activities. educational facilities



Furniture: They include desk, chairs, lockers, and table used by both the students and teacher in the school. educational facilities


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